Course Descriptions

ACC 213  Principles of Accounting I
This course is a study of fundamental accounting principles and concepts  focusing on financial accounting Attention is given to the basic structures of the accounting cycle and accounting for internal controls, cash, receivables, inventories, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity. Prerequisite: None.

ACC 223 Principles of Accounting II
This course is a continued study of fundamental accounting principles and concepts focusing on managerial accounting. Attention is given to cost accounting, budgeting, and managerial concepts such as statement analysis. Prerequisite: ACC 213.

AML 213 American Literature I
This course is a survey of American literature from the Colonial period through the Civil War. Prerequisites: ENG 113 and ENG 123

ANT 203 Cultural Anthropology
This course is an introduction to the study of humans as cultural beings. Anthropological ways of thought are seen as offering a conceptual framework sufficiently broad to accommodate all human experience, providing support for a wide range of data and information. Prerequisite: None.

BIB 213 Hermeneutics
This course briefly surveys the history of biblical interpretation before focusing on the procedures, tools, and skills necessary for responsible Bible interpretation. Prerequisite: ENG 113.

BIB 313 Advanced Hermeneutics: Selected Topics
This course prepares the student for advanced interpretation of scripture and will investigate biblical interpretation in light of traditional and current theological, philosophical, ecclesiological, historical and social challenges. These topics include language, genre, authorial intent, the relationship between the Testaments, the New Testament’s use of the Old Testament, and the exploration of several theological systems. A seminar format that includes student research and presentations will be followed during part of the course. Prerequisite: BIB 213.

BIB443 Daniel & Revelation
This course is an analysis of the apocalyptic books of Daniel and Revelation, especially their symbolic visions, in the light of their historical settings. Prerequisites: BIB213, NTE103, and OTE103.

BMI 213 Theology of Missions
This course is a study of the biblical basis of missions and its centrality to the nature of God. The church, the evangelistic mandate, and one’s own personal life. the second half of the study deals primarily with discussing new paradigms for missions in today’s world. Prerequisite: None.

BMI 473 Power Encounter
This course examines a biblical worldview concerning the “spiritual forces of evil”. It considers cross-cultural and intra-cultural power encounters in Scripture, church history, and the contemporary scene and principles and methodologies for ministry to people involved with forces of evil. It discusses the relationship of power encounter to world evangelism, healing, human behavior, and pastoral activity. Prerequisite: junior or senior status

BSF 103 Foundations of Spiritual Formation
This course serves as the gateway course into the curriculum and student-life experience of Toccoa Falls College. Building on a foundation of biblical texts and principles, this course is designed to orient the student to the cognitive, affective, and volitional nature of spiritual formation, its practices and potential challenges, and explores how spiritual formation is integrated throughout the curricular and co-curricular components of Christian higher education. This course will also help students learn how personal evangelism, world evangelism and effective ministry flow from a commitment to spiritual formation. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 113 Introduction to Business
This survey course assumes no prior study of business. Emphasis is on business terminology and the environments in which business functions. Topics covered include an overview of forms of business ownership, internal organization, structure, management functions, marketing and finance activities, labor unions, production, insurance, and government as it relates to business. Students will prepare a business plan. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 303 Business for Nonprofit Organizations
This course is an introductory study of the administration and management of churches, mission agencies, schools, and Christian institutions, agencies and ministries, applying principles, procedures, and techniques used in today’s business world. Topics include organizational structures, staffing and paying personnel, stewardship, financing and funding budgets and building programs, accounting records and reports, computer information systems, facilities and equipment, public relation, and legal compliance of the nonprofit organization. Sample models, forms and examples will e distributed to students. Prerequisite: None.

BUS313 Organization & Administration of Sport
Basic principles of organization, administration, and supervision are taught. Emphasis is placed on staffing, finance, purchasing, scheduling, care of facilities and equipment, public relations, and liability. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 323 Nonprofit Ethics & Social Responsibilities
Learners in this course examine the ethical environment and social responsibilities of nonprofits. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to ethical concepts, theories and issues as they relate to nonprofits and managerial decision-making. All organizations operate in a social and ethical environment, and managers make decisions with moral significance and consequences. Thus consideration of ethics and the social responsibilities are relevant both for effective managing and for nonprofits properly fulfilling their function(s) in the larger society. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 333 Business Ethics
A study of a Christian World View as contrasted with other world views and its application to a variety of business and occupational areas. After laying a foundation of ethical theory, the course will stress biblical integration into business decision making and operations. Emphasis is on practical application of ethical principles through case studies, articles, discussions of audio and video tapes, a research paper, and guest lecturers. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 363 Philanthropy: Theory & Practice
Enables learners to develop the capacity to think and plan critically and strategically in order to develop financial resources for nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the components of a development plan, including types of campaigns, sources of funding, and mechanisms for solicitation. The course will also cover how to discern which fund raising elements are appropriate for a specific organization; the roles of a board, development staff, executive staff and program staff; and emerging trends in philanthropy. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 373 Sport Law & Ethics
This course is designed to enable students to expand their knowledge of some of the law, regulations, and ethical issues that apply to the sport industry and that impact the work setting of sport organizations. Students will learn about and analyze substantive legal concepts in the following core areas of law: constitutional, employment, antitrust, labor, intellectual property, agency, and contract and business law. The purpose of the course is to provide students with an understanding of the legal and ethical issues involved in the operation and management of organizations in the sport industry, and to equip students with the skills, strategies, and character needed to effectively work with business executives and lawyers to resolve these issues. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 383 Nonprofit Law & Governance
Learners in this course examine the governance of nonprofit organizations from the perspective of the legal environment of nonprofits. Emphasis will be on examining the legal issues as they impact various aspects of nonprofits including incorporation, governance, donor/funder relationships, human resource management, volunteers, religious activities, political activities, tax status and liability, and risk management. Prerequisite: None.

BUS 453 Sport financial Management
This course provides a synopsis of the application of economics and financial management used in the sport organization decision making context. Course content includes, but is not limited to: Basic accounting principles with a special emphasis on the importance of fund accounting in public enterprise; Use of financial statements in sport; Sources of revenue for financing for sport-public sector vs. private sector, governments, memberships, fees, PLS, taxes, bonds, etc; Principles of budgeting in sport; Financial management of sport facilities; Concessions and merchandising in sport – trademark licensing, inventory, cost control, cash management; For profit and not-for-profit budgeting in sport; Development and sport fundraising principles and methodology (campaigns, alumni, auctions). Prerequisite: None.

BUS 463 Nonprofit Financial Management
The course is designed to provide the learners with an understanding of the primary financial management issues and decisions that confront senior management in the nonprofit sector. Learners will gain an understanding and examine financial analysis techniques from both a practical and strategic perspective for operating and capital decisions. The course enables learners to understand how managers integrate the various discrete financial decisions within a broader framework that allows them to analyze, develop, execute, and manage a coherent overall financial strategy. Prerequisite: ACC 223 and ECO 213.

BUS 483 Microeconomic Practicum
A self-directed experience and study in the emerging role of “business as missions,” focusing on first-hand observation of business administration practices and operations. General themes explored include: 1) the theology of business as missions; 2) practical issues related to using business as a vehicle for cross-cultural missions; and 3) non-profit and for-profit business models. By the end of the practicum students will have a better understanding of the impacts of culture, education, religion, customs, and values on global business operations. The experience may be fulfilled either by participation in an overseas business trip or through a “business as missions” experience and the completion of a journal, portfolio, and written paper on the experience. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor.

BUS 493 Business Internship
This course is a supervised experience in a business firm or nonprofit organization combining practical experience with classroom studies and preparation of organizational chart, job description, journal, and a portfolio. It requires 240 hours of work experience. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior business administration majors only and approval of the Business Administration Department Chair.

COM 113 Introduction to Communication
This course is an introductory course providing the fundamentals of effective human communication. Viewing communication as a dynamic process, the student will become aware of and develop skills in communication principles and practices in interpersonal, group, and public contexts. This course is divided between a common lecture and individual sections. Prerequisite: None.

CSC 113 Introduction to Computers
This course is designed to familiarize the student with today’s PC operation and application. Application will be developed through the use of a Windows environment, word processing software, spreadsheet software, and database software. Prerequisite: None.

CSC 123 Applied Technology
This course provides an overview and understanding of today’s computer technology, with an emphasis on the application of real world technology. Students will gain hands-on knowledge and experience necessary for implementing technology in their personal and professional lives. Prerequisite: None.

CSC 393 Management Information Systems
Examining information systems from a business perspective, this course is designed to facilitate improvement of problem-solving skills and business professionalism within the context of information systems. Emphasis will be placed on the use and design of information systems within the organization, including developments in both hardware and software used to solve management problems. Prerequisite: ACC 213 is recommended.

CSG 113 Introduction to Counseling
This course offers an introduction to the field of counseling, Christian and humanistic worldviews are contrasted. Christian and secular approaches to counseling are outlined and contrasted. Case studies are assigned for analysis and discussion. Class demonstrations of counseling strategies are given. Prerequisite: None.

CSG 253 Counseling Skills
Emphasis in this course will be placed on the acquisition of skills that will enable the student to individualize effective counseling strategies directed at establishing trust, guiding the interview, probing and understanding the nature and manifestations of psychological conflict, overcoming resistance, facilitating positive change, personal healing, and freedom. this course is practice-oriented, allowing the student to integrate skills and knowledge vital for effective Christ-centered counseling. Central to this course is the development of a personalized relating and influencing style which can be applied to a wide range of situations in ministry and community, as well as professionally. Teaching methods include lectures and discussions, live practice and analysis of video recordings. Prerequisite: CSG 113.

CSG 333 Crisis & Trauma Therapy
This course introduces the theory of crisis intervention and trauma therapy. Critical incident stress managment (CISM) and debriefing (CISD) are emphasized. A second emphasis is trauma models of therapy; trauma and dissociation, assessments, treatments, and therapies. Special cases will focus on grief, sexual assault, sexual abuse, and relational trauma. Prerequisite: CSG 253

CSG 363 Family Therapy
This course introduces the student to the various models of family therapy. systems, structural, and strategic family therapies will be presented. Notable figures from each of the theories, models of therapy, key concepts and techniques will be discussed, compared, and evaluated. An emphasis on family systems including internal family system and multigenerational family therapy will be addressed. Students will develop their own integrative model of therapy. Prerequisites: CSG 113, PSY 113.

CSG 383 Christ-Centered Counseling
This course utilizes the foundational aspects of Scripture and Christ’s ministry taught in Christ-centered counseling and applies them practically and experientially. It builds on the approaches to Christ-centered counseling by emphasizing the techniques and skills necessary to help individuals, families, the church, community, and society. This offers an incredible opportunity for those in counseling and in any ministry to begin to develop or enhance skills necessary for counseling. Prerequisite: CSG 113

CSG 443 Premarital & Marital Counseling
This course will consider the dynamics of the marital, as well as the premarital relationship. An understanding of the biblical roles of husband and wife will be explored and challenged. The purpose of this course is to solidify one’s beliefs as a people-helper regarding a theology of marriage, love, divorce, remarriage, conflict, etc. Different premarital counseling models will be explored, discussed, and evaluated. Prerequisites: CSG 113, PSY 113.

CSG 453 Child & Adolescents Therapy
This course is an overview of developmentally appropriate approaches to counseling children and adolescents in school and mental health settings. Major types of intervention techniques will be explored, including individual, play therapy, cognitive behavioral methods, family and group therapy, and developmental theory relating to the issues and struggles of children and adolescents today. Students will learn skills in assessment of treatment progress, working with parents and teachers, and ethical and legal considerations in working with this population. Prerequisite: PSY 243.

CSG 463 Group Counseling
This course will give the student a basic understanding of the group counseling process from an academic and an experiential basis. Students will lead and participate in a group counseling experience to gain an understanding of the various aspects of group work: types, stages, attending skills, key components, problematic behaviors, and critical interventions. Prerequisite: CSG 253. Senior standing.

CSG 473 Counseling Internship
Students gain practical experience working in a health-related professional environment providing services under supervision. Students will be required to log 24 hours of actual service to the agency for each credit hour. Daily log required as well as three-page summary report. Supervisors must provide weekly face-to-face supervision and final practicum evaluation. Additional internship hours can be taken with permission of Department Chair by registering for CSG 401-3. Prerequisites: CSG 113, CSG 253.

ECO 213 Microeconomics
A study of the basic tools of economic analysis and economic principles in action, including the marginal concept and scientific economic analysis; the market process and the price mechanism; demand, supply, prices; exchange and the market process; income distribution; monopoly power; real-world markets; micro problems of modern society with a summary microeconomic history of the United States. Prerequisite: None.

ECO 223 Macroeconomics
A study of the basic tools of economic analysis and macroeconomic principles including the topics of money, spending, output, and income; analyzing national income; inflation, unemployment, and the stabilization dilemma. Prerequisite: None.

EDU323/PSY323x Educational Psychology
This course is a study of the fundamental principles of the nature and conditions of learning. Application of educational psychology concepts related to instruction and student behavior is stressed. Prerequisite: None.

ENG 113 Freshman Composition I
This course is a study of the principles and practice of rhetoric and expository writing. ENG 113 is a prerequisite for ENG 123, and a minimum grade of C-œ is required for entrance into ENG 123. Students with superior scores on the ACT/SAT may test for credit through the CLEP test. Prerequisite: None.

ENG 123 Freshman Composition II
This is a continuation of ENG 113, using poetry, fiction, and drama for critical analysis. Formal research paper required. A minimum grade of C-is required. Pre-requisite: a minimum grade of a C-is required in ENG 113 or its equivalent.

ENG 213 World Literature II
This course surveys key writings of Romanticism through Post-colonialism. Prerequisite: ENG 123

FAM 453 Curriculum Development
This course is designed to explore the process of curriculum development and design. It also identifies principles for selecting curriculum to meet the needs of learners and the educational program of the local church. this course will include a systematic evaluation of available curricula of the major evangelical publishers and attention will be given to the writing of lesson plans for a variety of ministry settings. Prerequisite: FAM 253

GHY 213 World Geography
A survey course of geography which draws together two categories of interrelated elements: the diverse physical features of the many areas of the earth and cultural influences. Prerequisite: None.

HIS 233 History of the United States I
This course traces political, social, economic, and cultural developments from the Colonial Period through reconstruction. Cause-and-Effect interrelationships among individuals, issues, and events are emphasized. Interaction with primary source documents facilitates critical thinking and historical insight. Prerequisite: None.

HIS343 History of Latin America
This course is a broad survey of political, economic, social, and cultural developments in South America, from the earliest civilizations to the end of the 20th

HIS353 Church History
This course studies the post-apostolic period through the Protestant Reformation, emphasizing the development of Christian theology, institutions, and lifestyles, especially in light of their relevance to contemporary problems in the church. Prerequisite: None.

HIS363 American Church History
This course traces the growth and development of Christianity within the United States, from the Colonial Era through the late Twentieth Century. Attention is given to key individuals, issues, and events within their broader historical context. Historiographical exploration of topics and interaction with primary source documents facilitate critical thinking and historical insight. Prerequisite: None.

HIS373 History of Africa
This course broadly surveys political, economic, social, and cultural developments on the African continent, from the earliest civilizations to the end for the 20th

HUM 103 Western Thought and Culture
This is an interdisciplinary study of cultural issues and problems, designed to help the student develop a Christian worldview. Prerequisite: None.

ICS 323(REL 323x) World Religions
This course is an introduction to the major religions of the world. Focus is on the historical origin, development, doctrine, and current status and influence in modern world. Prerequisite: None.

ICS 443 Cross-Cultural Storytelling
This course is designed to enable students to use storying as a means of disciple making. Storying is a viable means to effectively present the message of Christ to and make disciples of people who are primary oral learners or who prefer to learn through oral methods. This course aims at teaching skills necessary to communicate the gospel in a strategic way through storytelling. Prerequisite: None, but ANT 203 recommended.

LED 233X Biblical Foundations of Leadership
This course explores the theology of leadership as well as the biblical models of leadership found in both the New and Old Testaments. Prerequisite: MLD 113 for residential students.

LED 313 Building & Leading Teams
This course focuses on how to build and lead successful teams in the marketplace. Team building models will be analyzed with emphasis on actionable steps that can be taken to overcome common hurdles and build cohesive, high performing teams. The principles of coaching and coaching strategies are explored. An emphasis will be placed on the role of the leader in developing successful work teams, project teams, virtual teams, and inter-organizational teams. Prerequisite: None.

LED 323X Leadership & Management Theory
While leadership and management are not synonymous, leaders nonetheless must at various times perform functions of management. This course then, will address theories of both leadership and management. Theories of leadership attempt to explain either the factors involved in the emergence of leadership or the nature of leadership. Contemporary management theories such as systems and contingency theories attempt to describe how leaders and managers work with people through activities such as planning, evaluating, supervising, and staffing. Prerequisite: None.

LED 363X Servant Leadership
This course integrates theory-based and practice-based approaches to servant leader dynamics and service delivery in the nonprofit organization setting. The course focuses on such topics as leader styles, characteristics, and strategies; leading volunteers; leading in a diverse world; leading in times of crisis and complexity; and leading for the future. Prerequisite: None.

LED 383 Leading Organizational Change
This course focuses on the theoretical concepts, practices, and impact of change on an organization in order to lead sustainable organizational change efforts in the context of a highly competitive, rapidly changing, and evolving global economy. Learners study how to prepare the organization, plant the details, execute a change process across an organization, and measure the plan’s effectiveness and the change it brings to achieve continuous improvement. Prerequisite: None.

LED 413X Strategies for Leadership Development
In this course students will study the nature of equipping leaders through strategies such as mentoring and small groups. Topics including recruiting, supervising, and team-based leadership will be addressed as well. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

LED 453 Cross-Cultural Leadership
In a rapidly changing world, leaders need to recognize the dynamics of globalization and cross-cultural communication. The underlying theme of this course is that the skills and behaviors that are perceived as effective leadership characteristics in one culture are not necessarily those that will be effective in a different culture. Learners will analyze various theoretical frameworks to help them identify culture’s effect on attitudes and behaviors, as well as on approaches to ethics, motivational practices, negotiation patterns, strategic decision making, and change. Prerequisite: ECO 213, 223.

LED 493 Organizational Leadership Research
This capstone course empowers organizational leadership and management students to survey the applicable literature in order to develop at least three deliverables: 1) a written personal philosophy of organizational leadership, 2) a research project involving investigation of a contemporary leadership issue approved by the instructor, and 3) a reflection project that integrates contemporary issues in organizational leadership with Christian character and intellect. Prerequisite: senior status or permission of instructor.

MAN 213 Principles of Management
This is an introduction to the foundational principles and basic management techniques which every manager must master to succeed in today’s fast-changing competitive environment. Emphasis is on the managerial functions of planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling. Prerequisite: None.

MAN 353 Volunteer Engagement & Resource Management
Volunteers are often referred to as the heart of a nonprofit. This course focuses on the dynamics of volunteerism in nonprofit organizations and in the life of the community, covering issues such as committees and task force organization and leadership. The course will examine definitions, values, standards, principles, and effective practices in volunteer resource management within the nonprofit organization. Prerequisite: None.

MAN 363 Servant Leadership
This course integrates theory-based and practice-based approaches to servant leader dynamics and service delivery in the nonprofit organization setting. The course focuses on such topics as leader styles, characteristics, and strategies; leading volunteers; leading in a diverse world; leading in times of crisis and complexity; and leading for the future. Prerequisite: None.

MAN 373 Event & Facility Management in Sport & Entertainment
Sport and entertainment(amateur and professional) activities are held in facilities that create unique opportunities for the sport and entertainment business manager. This course focuses on the application of facility operations and event management principles and concepts providing students with an in-depth investigation of the unique challenges and opportunities that are faced by a business manager in the context of events at sport and entertainment venues. This course will examine differing styles of facility management and the many areas that it encompasses to include. planning, designing, equipping, human resources, budgeting, marketing, and risk management. Prerequisite: None.

MAN 383 Organizational Behavior & Development
This course examines behavior in organizational settings as affected by individual, group, and organizational processes with the goal of understanding and explaining why people act and react within organizations especially to change. Emphasis will be placed on the effects of organizational structure on patterns of communication and the role of leadership to describe, understand, predict, develop, and to some degree control human activity in the work place to bring about planned change. Students will be given opportunity to recognize and respond to change, motivation, morale, attitude, stress, corporate culture and politics, group dynamics, and decision-making processes. Prerequisite: MAN 213 recommended.

MAN 413 Human Resources Management
This course is a study of the nature and behavior of humans as we relate and work together in the organization. It examines techniques of applying the managerial functions of staffing and controlling to accomplish organizational goals. Topics include employer/employee relations, recruitment, job design, performance appraisal, training and development, compensation, communication, and legal compliance. Prerequisite: MAN 213.

MAN 443 Policies & Issues in Sport Management
This course is a capstone course designed to explore the leadership of strategic management planning and policy development in sport organizations. “Capstone” means that this course integrates concepts from the sport management/management functional areas, the sport studies functional areas, and the Biblical/theological areas in analyzing and resolving strategic management and policy issues. This course examines how leaders of sport organizations choose, maintain, or redirect the strategic positions of their organizations with a Biblical worldview within ever changing environments. Prerequisite: senior status or permission of instructor.

MAN 463 Strategic Nonprofit Management
The course is designed as a capstone to enable learners to integrate knowledge and skills learned in previous courses in the Nonprofit Business Administration specialization and demonstrate the ability to lead a nonprofit organization. This course also prepares learners to consider the “big picture” with coverage of strategic planning and policy development. Prerequisite: Senior status, or permission of instructor.

MAN 473 Sport Management Internship
This course is a supervised experience which involves putting into practice those things learned in academic preparation. An internship site will be determined by the student’s future goals. The internship may be set up in a variety of different areas such as coaching, sport administration, sport marketing, facilities management, etc. It requires 240 hours of experience on the job.

MAT 113 Mathematical Modeling
This course is a survey covering the basics of set theory, numbers systems logic, statistics, algebra (including problem solving), and geometry (including measurement, perimeter, area and volume). Prerequisite: None.

MAT 133 College Algebra
This course is a study of polynomials and functions, examining the operations and graphing of functions with a heavy emphasis on solving real world problems. Opportunity is given for the use of technology in solving problems. Prerequisite: None

MAT 253 Introduction to Statistics
This course is a survey of basics of statistics. Topics include various graphs, measures of central tendency, measures of variation, probability rules, probability distributions, binomial probabilities, Central Limit Theorem, estimating, hypothesis testing, linear regressions, and linear correlation. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 233 Biblical Foundations of Leadership
This course explores the theology of leadership as well as the biblical models of leadership found in both the New and Old Testaments. Prerequisite: MLD 113 for residential students.

MIN 243 The Leader as Teacher
This course introduces the critical role of the ministry leader as teacher. It introduces and integrates elements of educational theory and practice in order to cultivate effective biblical teaching in leadership contexts concerned with Christian discipleship. Based on Ephesians 4:11-12, this course emphasizes the equipping/teaching responsibility of leadership and will require the student to prepare and present multiple teaching presentations in a format other than the sermon. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 253 The Emotionally Healthy Minister
Using an analysis of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and relationship management, this course seeks to increase emotional intelligence as it relates to ministry. Course study will include practical way to distinguish and manage emotions in ways that assist with minimizing stress, strengthening communication, deepening empathy, bridging challenges, mitigation conflict, and developing a practical plan of stewardship for family, ministry, finances, and time. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 313 Ministry Leadership and Society
This course will address Christian ministry leadership in the context of contemporary society or culture. Societal or cultural themes as ethnic diversity, gender roles, technology, economics, and social change will be studied in regard to their influence on ministry leadership. Furthermore the class will explore the role of the leader in addressing societal issues and the responsibility of Christian leaders in impacting culture. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 323 Leadership and Management Theory
While leadership and management are not synonymous, leaders nonetheless must at various times perform functions of management. This course then, will address theories of both leadership and management. Theories of leadership attempt to explain either the factors involved in the emergence of leadership or the nature of leadership. Contemporary management theories such as systems and contingency theories attempt to describe how leaders and managers work with people through activities such as planning, evaluating, supervising, and staffing. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 333 Leadership Communication
This course provides students with an overview of communication as it relates to leadership practices and theory in church and faith-based contexts. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 343 Organization and Administration of Christian Ministries
This course studies the organizing, planning, decision-making, supervision, and human relations in the administration and management of the local church or faith-based organization. Prerequisite: CED 113.

MIN 353 Small Group Leadership
The course examines the theory and practice of small groups and small group strategies. The biblical and sociological rationale for small groups is established. Current models, leadership training, and the administration of small groups within a local church framework are reviewed. Prerequisite: None.

MIN 373 Spiritual Care & Counseling
This course equips the student with pastoral counseling methods and skills within a ministry context including counseling various generations (children, youth, adults, and family) an overview of psychological disorders, adolescent and family developmental and crisis issues, pre-, inter-, and post-marital counseling, family counseling, and methods of spiritual direction. Prerequisites: CSG 113 for Pastoral Ministry majors and YTH 253 for Youth Ministry majors.

MIN 413 Strategies for Leadership Development
In this course students will study the nature of equipping leaders through strategies such as mentoring and small groups. Topics including recruiting, supervising, and team-based leadership will be addressed as well. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MIN 423 Change, Conflict, and Organizational Culture
This course will provide the theoretical and practical framework for understanding the significance of organizational culture and its impact on Christian education and disciple-making ministries. The material will lead to a comprehensive analysis of change and conflict in Christian organizations. Special attention will be given to the biblical and theological issues related to change and conflict management. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MIN 483 Seminar in Ministry Leadership
This is a capstone course designed to include at least three components: 1) a written doctrinal statement, 2) an integrative comprehensive exam (written and oral) related to ministry leadership and based on previous courses, and 3) the addressing of contemporary issues in leadership. Prerequisite: All course work completed or permission.

MKT 213 Principles of Marketing
This course provides an introduction to the marketing discipline with emphasis on planning and the development of competitive strategies. Topics include the marketing environment, marketing research, advertising, marketing plans, marketing campaigns, sales, new product development, and distribution channels. Prerequisite: None.

MKT 373 Sport Marketing
This course will offer insight into the role of sport in the marketing world’s ongoing effort to connect with consumers. Students will be introduced to and become familiar with the terms and tools relevant to the sport industry, and examine the difference between the use of sport for marketing and the use of marketing for sport. The course will focus on five basic marketing concepts and their innovative application in the business of sport, event marketing, brand marketing, sponsorship, public relations, media and digital marketing. Additional topics include the effect of globalization on sport and other uses of sport marketing such as Cause Marketing and Sport Corporations. Prerequisite: None but MKT213 is recommended.

MKT 393 Nonprofit Marketing
Application of marketing principles and practices to nonprofit organizations is the course focus. Key topics include the growth and development of nonprofit marketing, developing a core marketing strategy, positioning the organization, fundraising, and designing and managing the marketing mix. Also includes student design of an integrated marketing plan for a nonprofit organization. Prerequisite: none, but MKT 213 is recommended.

MKT 493 Marketing Internship
This course is a supervised experience in a business firm or nonprofit organization combining practical experience with classroom studies. It requires 240 hours of work experience and preparation of an organization chart, job description, journal and portfolio. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior business administration majors only and approval of the Business Administration Department Chair.

MLD 113 Foundations for Christian Ministries
This course is an overview of the biblical foundations for balanced church ministry. It studies the significance of the teaching ministry and church education. Selected topics, current issues, and procedures necessary for the effective functioning of the church’s educational ministry are discussed. Prerequisite: None.

MLD 423 History and Philosophy of Christian Education
This course surveys and analyzes educational philosophies and issues-both secular and religious- that have affected the church’s ministry of education. It seeks to enable students to set forth a foundation for their philosophy of biblical Christian education. It also reviews current educational issues and trends. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MLD 443 Evangelism & Disciple-Making
The goal of this course is to integrate evangelistic outreach with disciple-making efforts to produce mature believers in Christ. It is a study in the principles, programming, and strategy needed in today’s culture. The course includes an analysis of gospel presentation, various contextual evangelistic approaches, and the natural ministry environments that contribute to maturing disciples who reproduce by proclaiming the Gospel to others. An emphasis will be placed on practical application within the church setting. Prerequisite: YTH 253 for Youth Ministry majors.

MLD 453 Leadership Formation
This course will examine the personal and spiritual developmental factors that shape a Christian leader’s development. In particular, we will explore the convergence of various stages and specific influences that Christian leaders frequently encounter in their development. Assuming that effective leadership emerges from a leader’s character and that leadership is a dynamic process, special emphasis will be placed on analyzing “core” issues in the leader’s life and ministry/vocation in ways that will assist students in understanding their experience thus far and in anticipating future developmental experiences. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MLD 463 Spiritual Formation
This course introduces the student to the nature of spiritual life by examining the biblical, theological, and sociological foundations for Christian spirituality. Attention is given to the expression and growth of one’s personal spiritual life, the nature of holistic integrity, the role of spiritual disciplines, and ways in which ministry personnel can cultivate spiritual growth in other people. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

NTE 103 Introduction to the New Testament
This course is a study of the purposes and message of the New Testament. Each of the 27 books is examined in light of its structure (historical setting, genre, message, and distinctives) and how each part contributes to the whole. Prerequisite: None.

NTE 213 Gospel of Matthew
This course considers the background and interpretation of the Gospel of Matthew. Special attention is given to the author’s presentation of Jesus as the promised Messiah, use of the Old Testament, and the theme of fulfillment. Prerequisite: NTE 103.

NTE 243 Gospel of John
This course is a study of the fourth Gospel and focuses on some of the major Christological themes, the prologue and the unique features of this book’s presentation of Christ’s message, ministry and passion. The course uses John’s Gospel as a model for learning and using the inductive method of Bible study. Prerequisite: NTE 103.

NTE 323 Acts
This course is an analysis of the message, motive, growth, and methods of the New Testament Church. Attention is given to the historical, theological, and missiological significance or the events. Prerequisites: BIB 213 and NTE 103.

NTE 473 Romans & Galatians
This is an analytical study of Romans and Galatians giving special attention to such themes as sin, justification, sanctification, glorification, and practical living. Prerequisites: BIB 213 and NTE 103.

OTE 103 Introduction to the Old Testament
This course is a study of the purpose and message of the Old Testament. Each of the 39 books is examined in light of its structure (historical setting, genre, message, and distinctives) and how each part contributes to the whole. Prerequisite: None.

OTE 233 Psalms & Proverbs
This course emphasizes principles for approaching Hebrew poetry, a grasp of the contents and message of the books of Psalms and Proverbs through exegetical analysis of selected passages, and an appreciation for musical and devotional uses. Prerequisite: OTE103, not required but recommended:

OTE 323 Isaiah
This course surveys important passages in their contexts and historical background of the book of Isaiah. It stresses exegetical method and interpretation of Isaiah’s messianic hope with attention to authorship and unity. Prerequisites: BIB 213 and OTE 103.

OTE 343 Minor Prophets
This course is an expository analysis of the final twelve books of the Old Testament. The course notes the function of these prophets in history as well as their messianic and practical teachings. Prerequisite: OTE 103

OTE 473 Genesis
This is a seminar course that examines the origin, contents, problems, theological import, and spiritual message of Genesis. Part of the course is devoted to student research and class presentation. Prerequisites: BIB 213 and OTE 103.

PAM 233 Introduction to Preaching
Offering a preliminary overview of preaching, this course will provide the student with the process of developing a sermon. Included with preaching opportunities is an overview of the role of preacher, the context and audience of preaching (children, youth, adults), goals of preaching, language tools, and the process of sermon preparation. Prerequisite: YTH 253 for Youth Ministry majors and COM 113 for all majors.

PED 243 First Aid, CPR, & Life Fitness
This course will introduce the student to weight training, cardiovascular, and nutritional techniques that will help maintain a healthy lifestyle. It will also introduce the student to the fundamentals and techniques of administering first aid and CPR. Prerequisite: None.

PED 313 Prevention & Care of Injuries
Instruction is given for prompt and correct action in dealing with injuries, with major emphasis on accident prevention in home, school, and playground. It emphasizes fundamental procedures for care and prevention of injuries and physiological principles involved in athletics. Prerequisite: None.

PED 323 Coaching Techniques
Organization, fundamentals, techniques, and strategy of coaching baseball, soccer, basketball, and volleyball are studied. Prerequisite: None.

PHY 113 Introduction to Philosophy
This course introduces the student to the nature and importance of philosophy, the concept of a worldview, and an introduction to four key philosophical topics: epistemology, metaphysics, God and ethics. The student will learn to think critically by means of instruction (power point), an audience response system, team projects, discussion and various media. Prerequisite: None.

POL213 American Government
This course concentrates on government institutions and the political process, primarily at the national level. Emphasis is placed upon the historical foundations of the political system as well as the historical contexts in which the process has been played out. Interaction with primary source documents facilitates critical thinking. Prerequisite: None.

PSY 113 General Psychology
This course is an introduction to the study of human behavior from primarily a scientific perspective. The Christian perspective of human behavior will be discussed when relevant. Foundations of human thinking, feeling, and behaving as derived from studies of physiology, perception, social behavior, human growth and development, operant and classical conditioning, social learning processes, social group dynamics, and other content areas are addressed. Prerequisite: None.

PSY243 Developmental Psychology
Developmental psychology is the study of biological, cognitive, psychological, and spiritual development of the individual across the life span. The first half of the course encompasses human development from conception, birth, infancy, to preschool and school age years. The second half of the course covers adolescent and young adult development through middle age and late adulthood. Prerequisite: None.

PSY 353 Personality Theories
Personality dynamics along with recognized theories of counseling will be covered in this class. Such approaches as psychodynamic therapy, cognitive and behavioral therapy, and existential humanistic therapies, will be included. Students are encouraged to evaluate the theories from their own Christian worldview. Practical application of techniques from each approach will also be given. From the theories presented students will be able to develop their own counseling model and present it to the class. Prerequisite: None.

PSY 363 Abnormal Psychology
This course introduces students to a wide variety of disorders that they may encounter in their clinical work. Major disorders ranging from developmental disorders of childhood, anxiety and mood disorder to schizophrenia will be studied. Lesser known disorders will also be examined. Each disorder will be examined from the perspective of its clinical description, as well as its potential causation and treatment. Students will be introduced to the disorders through text and case studies and video clips. The focus will be on developing ways to better understand each disorder and to compassionately help the person struggling with it. Prerequisite: None.

PSY 413 Research Methods in Psychology
This is an introductory course in psychological research. It covers the scientific method, the research process, research design and implementation. Students will learn first-hand the steps in applied research through participating in research projects. Prerequisites: MAT253, Permission from instructor for non-Counseling Psychology majors must be received.

PSY 423 Tests & Measurements
This course will give the student a basic understanding of the measurement process. This will include evaluating instruments, as well as familiarization with various types of test including intelligence tests, aptitudes tests, personality assessments, career and relationship measures. Testing procedures and report writing for counselors will also be covered. Prerequisite: MAT 253

PSY 473 Psychology Research Project
This course requires attendance at scheduled seminar meetings and the completion of a scholarly paper in the area of psychology or counseling. The formal paper may be a research project or a review of published research in an are of study approved by the instructor. Prerequisites: PSY 113 and PSY 413.

>strong>PSY 493 Senior Seminar
This course is designed as a seminar to aid the student in the final stages of preparation for a counseling ministry, work opportunity, or for graduate school. Students are given the opportunity to interact with others in the area of trends and issues, career opportunities, accreditation and credentialing, application to graduate schools, strategies for finding a job, and making the transition from student to employed professional. Guest speakers, inventories, and surveys will be part of the class format. A 10-page paper is required. Class is to be taken student’s final semester. Prerequisite: PSY 353.

SCI 113 Scientific Literacy
This course surveys the most important revolutions in the history of scientific thought and explains the science behind technologies that strongly influence contemporary life. Special emphasis is placed on themes crucial to the formulation of an integrated Christian worldview. Major topics addressed include, but are not limited to, principles of scientific thinking and methodology, the structure and scope of the universe, understanding matter, nuclear technology, the development of modern medicine, emerging issues in public health, genetic engineering and cloning, and why evolution matters. Prerequisite: None.

SOC 213 Introduction to Sociology
This course is an introduction to the sociological analysis of society from a Christian and scientific perspective. It emphasizes the nature of culture, social interaction, social groups, and social institutions. Prerequisite: None.

SPN113 Elementary Spanish
This course is an introduction to approximately one-fourth of the phonetics, grammar, and vocabulary needed to adequately express the target language. There will be a balance between the four basic language skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Prerequisite: None.

SPN123 Elementary Spanish II
This course is an introduction to the second of four parts of the essential phonetics, grammar, and vocabulary needed to adequately express the target language. There will be a balance between the fourbasic language skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Prerequistite: SPN113 or equivalent.

TFC 100 TFC Online Success Seminar
The Toccoa Falls College Online Success Seminar is designed for students who are new to TFC. This course equips students with the knowledge, skills and resources necessary for a positive experience at TFC Online. It also teaches students how to use the online classroom. The online program offers this program to all incoming students prior to logging into their first class. The college does not charge tuition for this course since it is non-credit; however a passing grade in this course is a requirement for graduation.

THE 303 Introduction to Theology
This course will examine basic Christian doctrine from a historical and systematic perspective. Topics include God, Scripture, the person and work of Jesus Christ, the person and work of the Holy Spirit, and the nature, role, and destiny of the Church. It includes an emphasis on the unity and diversity of Christian belief. Prerequisite: OTE 103, NTE 103.

THE 343 Alliance Distinctives & History
This course explains the doctrinal emphasis of the Christian and Missionary Alliance centering in Christ as Savior, Sanctifier, Healer, and Coming King. History, polity, and missionary program of the denomination are addressed. Prerequisite: None.

THE 353 Biblical Apologetics
This course studies the justification of apologetics, apologetic options (e.g., Reformed epistemology, presuppositionalism, classical apologetics, evidentialism and integrative apologetics) and the evidences for and against the Christian faith. In addition, the student is required to do a worldview interview. The professor utilizes instruction (power point), class and group discussion and media to present the material. Prerequisite: strongly recommended: PHY 113 and THE 303.

THE 373 Theology of Worship & Prayer
This course examines corporate and private worship and prayer, following the Bible’s story-line concerning both subjects from Genesis to the Book of Revelation.  The goal is to establish biblical principles which can be applied in today’s church as well as in personal devotion. Prerequisite: BIB 213 and THE 303.

THE 423 Critical Issues in Theology 
This course is an in-depth study of critical issues in systematic theology, such as the nature of God, the Trinity, the atonement, sanctification and the coming kingdom. Prerequisites: BIB 213 and THE 303.

THE473 Theological Research Seminar
This course fosters skills in research and writing on theological topics. The essential course requirement is to produce a carefully written, in-depth, scholarly paper in a prescribed style on a topic chosen by the student and approved by the instructor. Prerequisites: BIB213, THE303, and junior or senior status.

YTH 253 Foundations for Youth Ministry
This introductory youth ministry course addresses the theological, sociological, developmental and historical foundations for youth ministry. Attention is also given to axiom of youth ministry, models of youth ministry, the person of the youth pastor, and parachurch youth ministries. Prerequisite: CED 113.

YTH 263 Youth Ministry and the Family
This course will introduce students to the field of family ministries. It is an integration of biblical, theological, and sociological foundation for understanding families and designing ministries to families of adolescents. The reciprocal impact of personal family life and ministry will be explored. In addition this course will address adolescent sexuality, dating, equipping parents, and multiple family ministry models that can be applied in the church, faith-based, and community agency contexts. Prerequisite: YTH 253.

YTH 333 Communicating to Youth
The purpose of this class is to equip the student with the skills of creative Bible teaching and giving dynamic talks to adolescents. Emphasis is given to both the principles and practices of teaching and speaking to youth. Prerequisite: YTH 253.

YTH 343 Leadership and Organization of Youth Ministry
This is an introduction to organizational leadership, change, culture, and conflict as well as personal leadership development issues for youth pastors. The course will survey the elements of organization and administration necessary for the efficient and effective supervision of youth ministries. Ministry management tools and applying biblical principles of leadership of the church will be significant. Prerequisite: YTH 253.

YTH 353 Youth Ministry Skills
This course deals with special advanced skills necessary for effective youth ministry. It examines ways to build and develop a ministry of adult and student leaders, addresses issues relating to the youth pastor and leadership, it introduces the student to the realm of developing budgets for youth ministry, it involves the class in planning a retreat, and it introduces students to informal adolescent counseling. Prerequisite: YTH 253.

YTH 363 Youth Culture & Issues
This course guides students in understanding contemporary youth culture norms and issues (such as search for identity, youth- parent relations, generation and communication gaps, peer pressure, sexual patterns and attitudes, impact of mass media, drugs and alcohol, music and cult attraction), and adolescent development. Prerequisite for non-youth majors: PSY 113, PSY 243, or SOC 213. Prerequisite for youth majors: YTH 253.

YTH 423 Youth Evangelism & Discipleship
This course is a study of the principles, programming, and strategy needed in today’s culture, to develop a discipling and evangelizing youth ministry. An emphasis will be placed upon practical application within the church setting. Prerequisite: YTH 353.

YTH 443 Counseling Adolescents
This course will teach students the basic skills of counseling adolescents. It includes strategies and techniques for dealing with developmental and crisis issues facing the contemporary adolescent. Subjects such as identity and self-image, parent-teen relationships, eating disorders, substance abuse, suicide and depression, and sexuality will be covered. Prerequisite: for Youth Ministries majors, YTH 353; for non YTH majors, CSG 113.

YTH 453 Youth Ministry in Cultural Contexts
This course is an in depth study of youth ministry in cultural contexts. It explores urban youth ministry, multi-cultural youth ministry, and youth ministry in cross-cultural settings. Various issues emerging from multi and cross-cultural youth ministries, as well as perspectives of multiple ethnicities are explored. These issues and perspectives are placed in the light of contextually relevant church and faith-based youth ministries.

YTH 463 Seminar in Youth Ministry
This capstone course will be composed of a cohort of ministry leadership students. Curriculum will include at least five components: 1) a written doctrinal statement, 2) an integrative comprehensive exam (written and oral) related to youth ministry and based on previous courses, 3) contemporary issues in youth ministry, 4) placement issues, and 5) the integration of character and intellect. Prerequisite: Senior Status.